Following the launch of the Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA) proposal in April, the European Commission declared that it should become the global standard in order to be fully effective.
Indeed, the proposal is based on a risk-based approach and aims to introduce tighter obligations regarding the potential impact of AI applications. The Commission stated that equilibrium would be key to create rules that last and the EU would be the main peacemaker in regulating the use of AI on a global scale.
Moreover, the Commission pointed out that the AI framework would have to learn from the insufficiency of the GDPR and focus on harmonization, flexibility, and balance in order to succeed. Hence, it would try to strike a balance between ensuring product safety and legal remedies all the while encouraging innovation.
However, the proposal on conformity assessment for high-risk applications is still considered concerning as all but three types of high-risk applications can be launched on the market with just an internal assessment done by the developer. This would mean that many defective or non-compliant systems could be found too late. Besides, the proposal is also trying to introduce strict rules for AI systems that clash with human rights, such as biometric recognition technologies.
The negations regarding the treaty should start in May next year.